Monday, 1 August 2016

Olympic Swimming



Olympic Swimming

One of the main events in the row is Olympic swimming. The Olympic swimming event will be carried out from 6 August 2016 to 13 August 2016. The Olympic swimming event will be held at the OLYMPIC AQUATICS STADIUM with a seating capacity of 14000.

The summer Olympic Swimming is a breath-taking sport, swimming has been in the Olympic Games since Athens 1896. Men and women participate in 16 events, including relays and individual competitions in four strokes – freestyle, breaststroke, butterfly and backstroke. The aim of this individual Olympic swimming sport is that the Swimmers must complete a set distance inside the pool, in some cases using a specific swimming style, in the shortest possible time.



In the summer Rio Olympics, we will be delighted to have Chad le Clos, Missy Franklin, Michael Phelps...competing at the Olympic swimming giving a pleasure to the spectators with their world class performances. There will be 26 individual and 6 relay events, for men and women: 50m, 100m, 200m, 400m, 800m (only for women), 1500m (only for men) free, 100m and 200m backstroke, 100m and 200m breaststroke, 100m and 200m butterfly, 200m and 400m individual medley, 4 X 100m free relay, 4 X 200m free relay, 4 X 100m medley relay in the Olympic swimming.

 The four main styles to show case the individual talents in Olympic swimming are:

Freestyle: In freestyle events, swimmers can use any stroke they wish, but in practice, they all opt for the crawl, since it is the fastest style so far.

Breaststroke: It is a slower swimming style in which an athlete’s movements are similar to those of a frog.

Butterfly: In this style, the swimmer rotates both arms simultaneously and flexes the body up and down in a manner reminiscent of a dolphin: indeed, the leg movement is known as a ‘dolphin kick’.

Backstroke: It mainly is lying on their backs.

For the above-mentioned four strokes of Olympic swimming the pool is divided into eight competition lanes, each 2.5m wide. Most events start from starting blocks, the exception is backstroke, in which the swimmers start from inside the pool.



The Basic rule during the Olympic swimming is that the Swimmers must not dive in before the starting pistol is fired – if this happens, a false start is declared and the swimmer at fault is disqualified. Furthermore, in Olympic swimming if there is a false start, a cord falls into the water 15m from the start, indicating to the swimmers that they should stop. The most important during the Olympic swimming event is the swimmers kit in which all swimmers wear a cap, goggles and a swimsuit – normally swimming trunks for men and swimming costumes for women. Further for choosing the Olympic swimming winners according to the timing, equipments are used in Olympic swimming that is the Electronic sensors sensitive to the lightest touch are fixed onto  the end  walls of the pool and provide precision timing to within a hundredth of a second. Next not known by people is the 30 second expert used in the main strokes in the Olympic swimming are the Dolphin kick, Drafting ,Tumble turn.

Olympic swimming event with the 30 seconds expert:-

Dolphin kick
Perfected by Michael Phelps, this underwater move generates a vertical wave by flexing the legs. Sometimes referred to as the 'fifth stroke', it is only permitted at the start of a race or at the turns

Drafting
When one swimmer is just behind another in an adjacent lane and uses the slipstream generated by their adversary to gain an advantage

 Tumble turn
Underwater somersault performed at the end of a length in backstroke and freestyle that allows swimmers to push off against the wall with their feet for the start of the next length




This year the number of candidates participating in Olympic swimming i.e. who have qualified for Olympic swimming are 900. The maximum number of participants from each country can be 52 (26 men, 26 women). The maximum number of athletes who can participate per country must qualify as the qualification pathway is through the international federation for swimming i.e. FINA World Championships Kazan 2015 (for relays and universality places), qualification events from the period March 1, 2015 to July 3, 2016 where A and B standard times may be achieved. The Olympic swimming Competition format so far is that, In individual events – maximum of 2 swimmers per country and per event (provided they both achieved A time in that event), preliminaries, semi-finals (best 16, for 50m, 100m and 200m events) and finals (best 8); in relay events – 16 relays (maximum one relay per country), preliminaries and finals (best 8). The final thing and most awaited is the judgment and declaration of winner in the Olympic swimming event i.e. the competition result .As Swimming being a “timing” discipline, the rankings are ordered by the fastest times at the end of each race. Qualification for semi-finals is based on the 16 fastest times of the preliminaries, while access for the finals is based on the 8 fastest results of the semi-finals. Tied times are possible at any stage of the competition: swimmers with the same time may share the medals or the position in the final ranking. At the conclusion of the preliminaries at Olympic swimming , tied times for the 16th place (access to the semi-finals), or in the semi-finals for the 8th place (access to finals) will be decided through a swim-off between the concerned swimmers – the best of the swim-off will then compete, depending on the case, in the semi-final or in the final. Hence watching so many competitors at the Olympic swimming event being held at Rio will be a great experience furthermore cheers for the countries with the number of spectators marks the enthusiasm for the competitor to win and establish their country’s name being written in history of Olympic swimming 2016.